Terracotta Army in Xian Tour Guide:
One of the greatest archaeological discoveries of all times, the Terracotta Army, Terracotta Warriors or the “Terracotta Warriors and Horses“, is an entire army of terracotta soldiers created to represent a living army and buried to protect and fight for Emperor Qin in his afterlife. Walking amongst these life-sized figurines, gain an insight into the greatness and grandeur of the rule of Emperor Qin, the first Emperor of China and the power he enjoyed.
No two soldiers are alike and there are over 8000 soldiers in all, lined in orderly rows according to their rankings in shoulder-deep pits. Difference in rankings is exhibited by difference in hairstyle, dress-design and weaponry. Only some pits have been excavated; of these, the Pit No. 4 is empty, an indication of the gap in construction post Emperor Qin’s death. The Pit No. 3 is dedicated to the army headquarters with taller-than-most generals and a war chariot. Archers and cavalrymen with their horses, mid-ranking officials and generals dominate the Pit No. 2.
Pit No. 1 is the largest and features the majority of the soldiers (about 6000, although only 2000 are on display). Three rows of archers precede the rest of the soldiers, who once held original weapons. You can still see them in weapon-holding poses; the weapons have since been unattached from their terracotta owners and placed in the adjoining museum, where they still gleam, rust-free and sharp, over 2000 years hence. In addition to the weapons, the museum contains bronze chariots and other artefacts uncovered from excavations in other nearby locations.