Mogao Grottoes in Dunhuang Tour Guide:
Revel in an enchanting experience of Buddhism with an immersive, exploratory tour of Mogao Grottoes. The world’s richest repository of Buddhist works housed in the largest surviving collection of Buddhist caves in China, the Mogao Grottoes are a wonderland of exquisitely painted and intricately carved statues, sculptures, carvings and paintings brought into creation over a span of circa 1000 years.
Its location on the outskirts of Dunhuang, at a strategic point of the Silk Route, placed the caves at the crossroads of cultural, religious and intellectual influences – as reflected in the magnificent artwork within the caves. From the 4th to the 14th century, the caves grew in number and artworks; of these, 2000 painted sculptures and statues and 45,000 square metres of murals across 492 caves survive intact to date.
A visit here will leave you spellbound as you explore one cave after another and revel in artistic treasures from ceiling to floor, treasures that take you back in time to the era of trading and cultural exchanges along the Silk Route, the dangers traders faced while crossing the inhospitable desert and traitorous mountains and how they survived.
Explore each one of them, marvel at the exquisitely painted artworks and pay your respects to the many statues of Buddha in different poses and stages of Nirvana. Of special importance is the Cave 302, which features murals representing vivid scenes of cultural exchanges along the Silk Route from the earliest years of trade. Cave 61 depicts the mountainscape of Mount Wutai in all its vividness including temples, caravans, roads and rivers, cities and the mountains in intricate detail.
History is recorded in the form of artwork in these caves and as such, a visit to the Mogao Grottoes is a journey back in time – a must for history and art buffs! The Mogao Grottoes are also known by other names such as Dunhuang Caves and Cave of the Thousand Buddhas.