Ancient Ruins of Jiaohe Tour Guide:
When in Turpan, it would be a sin to miss a visit to the Ancient ruins of Jiaohe. A magnificent relic of the past and one of the largest, oldest and well-preserved earthen cities in the world, the city of Jiaohe is an architectural marvel and a historian’s delight. Carved entirely out of the mud with rammed earth walls, underground rooms, earthen floors, and cobbled-stone pathways, the site of Jiaohe takes you back in time to an era when trade on the Silk Route was in full flow.
Perched atop a cliff on the promontory marking the merging of two important rivers, the City of Jiaohe was established back in the 1st Century BC. Over 1500 years later, it saw its last days in the 14th Century; since then, the city has been abandoned. Today only its ruins remain, which despite the passing of time, has retained much of its original grandeur, perhaps due to the weather.
Walk down the central main street, which once divided the city into two parts, one for the rulers and the other for the non-royal citizens. The northern part of the city was reserved for Buddhist temples and stupas; much of their original structures with statues can be still seen today. Venture through the streets and peek into the houses for artworks and a sense of house structures. With a position atop the cliff and amidst other cliffs, the need for a city wall was non-existent.